What to do when your child chocks - Medswift First Aid for a child choking
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Choking First Aid demonstration on a doll

What to do when your young child chocks

Young children are prone to chocking than adults an so its important to learn how to do a first aid for a choking child. One minute everything is all okay and the next minute your baby is choking. To keep our loved ones safe especially children we need to learn First Aid for choking.

What is choking?

Chocking is when there is blockage of air passage by a foreign object such as food. Most common with children and infants could be small parts of toys, beads, etc. This can make the victim unable to speak, cough or breath and therefore require immediate action, Choking can be partial or complete. Partial is when there is some air that passes to the lungs and complete is when there is total obstruction of air from reaching the lungs. Any interruption to the flow of oxygen into the lungs is dangerous and fatal.


  • Bulging eyes
  • Grasping of the neck
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Coughing
  • Sweating
  • Congested face
  • Deterioration into unconsciousness as a result of overexposure.

            Watch the video for more details.


  • If the child is breathing, encourage the child to cough. This may clear the obstacle in the air passage.
  • If the child cannot speak or cough. Lean the child forward and give the child up to five back blows between the shoulder blades using the heel of your hand. Check the mouth for any obvious obstructions but do not sweep the month with your finger.
First aid for a choking child: abdominal thrust

Giving Abdominal thrust to a choking child.

  • If the back blows do not clear the obstruction
  • attempt abdominal thrusts. Place your fist between the navel and the bottom of the breastbone, and grasp it with your other hand. Pull sharply inwards and upwards up to five times. Stop when the obstruction clears.
  • Keep alternating the 5 back blows and 5 abdominal thrusts until;
  1. Obstruction comes out
  2. The casualty goes unconscious.

 we hope you have learnt how to do a First Aid for a child choking

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