What would you do if you’re first on the scene of an accident? Every year in Kenya, thousands of people die or are seriously injured in incidents. Many deaths could be prevented if basic first aid training is given before emergency services arrive. Therefore, Basic First Aid is one of the critical survival skills that everyone should know. The aims of first aid include preserve life, prevent the situation from worsening and promote recovery.
First Aid Training Incident Management Plan.
First Aid Incident Management refers to the skills required to take the necessary action to manage the scene of an emergency. In any emergency it is vital to follow a clear plan of action. The principle steps are assessing the situation, making area safe, emergency aid and aftercare.
Evaluate the scene and identify any danger first to yourself and then to the casualty. Use your senses (eyes, ears and nose) to look for clues i.e. trip hazards, sharp objects, fire or smell of petrol.
Decide what are the dangers and do they still exist? Are you wearing protective equipment? Is it safe for you to approach? What factors are involved in the incident? How many casualties are there? What happened? How many people are involved? Are any of them children or elderly?
Decide what resources you have available, be calm and take charge unless there is anyone better qualified, in which case you offer assistance.
2. Make Area Safe
The conditions that give rise to an incident may still present a danger and must be eliminated if possible. When approaching a casualty make sure you protect yourself; put your own safety first. If extrication is delayed, try to protect the casualty from any additional hazards. If you cannot make the area safe then call for emergency help. Stand clear of the incident until the emergency services have secured the scene.
3. Emergency Aid
Emergency aid is the immediate lifesaving treatment given to a casualty. If there are more than one casualty, attend to those with life-threatening conditions first; move the only if they are in immediate danger or if it is necessary for you to be able to provide lifesaving treatment. Enlist help from others if possible. Ask bystanders to call for emergency services Speak with firmness and confidence to helpers and onlookers who may feel frightened and helpless.
Your job is not ended when the emergency services arrive. Your responsibilities may include; taking care of the casualty personal belongings and ensuring they go with the casualty, or are returned to the casualty, or are put in in the care of a reliable friend or relative. If the emergency services are not in attendance, it is important to keep bystanders clear.
First Aid Training Priorities of Treatment.
The first priority with any patient is to make sure the Airway is open and then to check whether they are Breathing normally. If the casualty is breathing normally, this means that their heart must also be beating, so blood is being circulated around the body (primary survey).
Once you are satisfied the casualty is Breathing normally and oxygen is being circulated around the body, the next priority is to deal with any major Bleeding, because you need to maintain enough blood to circulate the oxygen around. After, these steps, the next priority is to deal with any broken bones (secondary survey).
At Medswift Training we are experienced in a wide range of First Aid Training as well as Fire Safety Training in Kenya. Moreover, we are also flexible in how we offer our training. You can have it in our offices or at your own premises, at home, school or church, all at a great price.