This is the best guide on first aid treatment for diabetes. Diabetes is a growing life threatening health condition that affects a half a billion people around the world.
The term diabetes encompasses a group of related diseases characterized by blood sugar levels not well regulated by the body.
Diabetes in simple terms is defined as the inability of the body to change sugar from food into energy. In other terms it is referred to as a long-term medical condition where the body cannot produce enough insulin.
Insulin breaks down the sugar that we digest, so that it can be used by the cells of the body or stored for later use. Insulin minimizes the amount of sugar in the blood.
There are two types of diabetes;
Type 1 Diabetes
The body produces little or no insulin. Persons with Type 1 diabetes need regular insulin injections throughout their lives.
Type 2 Diabetes
The body does not make enough insulin or cannot use it properly. Type 2 Diabetes is linked with obesity, it is more common with people over the age of 40. Type 2 Diabetes can be controlled with diet, weight loss and regular exercise.
What is Hypoglycemia? Hypoglycemia is when your blood glucose levels drop below 70 milligrams per deciliter(mg/dL).
The only way to truly know if you have low blood glucose levels is to check with an FDA – approved glucose meter. The following are signs and symptoms to check out for;
|pale skin||difficulty paying attention|
|sweating||at the extreme end the person with low blood sugar may have a seizure|
First aid treatment for diabetes with low blood sugar. If your blood sugar is between 59 mg/dL and 70 mg/dL eat or drink 15 grams or mL of fast-acting carbohydrates and re-check blood sugar in 15 minutes. This can help bring your blood sugar back to normal.
If after 15 minutes it is still below 70 mg/dL eat another 15 grams of fast-acting carbohydrates.
Once your blood sugar is in the normal range between 80 mg/dL and 130 mg/dL eat a small snack to prevent another low.
For a casualty;
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a condition that occurs when uncontrolled blood sugar rises and the body can’t produce enough insulin to use the glucose. When this happens, the body begins to produce a build-up of acid in the bloodstream called ketones. This complication happens mostly to people with diabetes type 1. DKA may happen to people with diabetes type 2, but its rare.
DKA can occur when people with diabetes experience emotional or physical stress such as with bacterial infections (UTI, etc), prolonged vomiting, surgery or when they miss doses of insulin. Alcohol and drug abuse in a diabetic patient can also cause the body to produce ketones that poison the blood.
What is Hyperglycemia? Hyperglycemia is caused when the body does not have enough insulin (type 1) and does not use insulin properly (type 2).
|Skipping or forgetting to take insulin||Consuming more carbohydrates|
|Exercising less than normal||early morning surge in hormones|
|increased thirst||breath that smells fruity|
|shortness of breath||Nausea and vomiting|
|deep rapid breathing||frequent urination|
|drowsiness||dry mouth and thirst|
|unresponsiveness||Blood sugar higher than 180 mg/dL|
HHNS presents with extreme hyperglycemia (blood glucose levels greater than 600 mg/dL) and dehyrdation. Ketones and acidosis are not present in this condition as with diabetic ketoacidosis. The hyperglycemia hyperosmolar state can lead to a coma and even death if not treated promptly.
PS; Diabetic coma is when you become unconscious an pass out due to either high or low blood glucose levels; if you have extreme high blood sugar levels or extreme low blood sugar levels, this can lead to diabetic coma. This can happen when you do not keep your blood glucose levels in check.
Sometimes low blood sugar and high blood sugar can feel similar so it is important to be sure you are aware before treating.
Be open about your diabetes with family partners friends and co-workers so they can help you if you need. Wear a bracelet or necklace that says that you have diabetes keep a card in your wallet that says that you have diabetes and lists your medications.
Set up a medical emergency alert on your cell phone to let people know that you have diabetes.Train With Us