Learn CPR - Basic First Aid Training - Medswift
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Danger assessment

  • First, make sure that it is safe to help the casualty. If not, move the casualty to a safer place


  • Then check if the casualty is responsive, if not call out for extra help


Carefully open the airway. This can be done by carefully placing your hand on the forehead and two fingers at the chin and gently tilting the head to the back. This will help to maintain an open airway.


Check for normal breathing. This means checking to find out if the casualty is breathing normally this should not take more than 10 seconds so that the vital organs do not lack oxygen. Look at the chest and abdominal movements, if no movements, then the casualty is not breathing. You can also listen to the sounds of breathing, and feel for the warmth of the breath


If the casualty is not breathing normally, send someone to call an ambulance, and start chest compressions. Do 30 chest compressions at the rate of 100-120 per minute.

Now combine chest compressions with rescue breaths.

  • Open the airways using the head tilt, chin lift method
  • Nip the soft part of the casualties’ nose dosed and allow the mouth to open at the same time make sure the chin is still lifted.
  • Take a normal breath and seal your lips with the casualties’ mouth then steadily blow in the air into the mouth.
  • Keep the airway open, remove your mouth and watch chest fall as air comes out
  • Reseal your mouth and give the casualty another rescue breath.

Then return your hand back to the right position for chest compression and give 30 chest compressions use the heel of both hands when performing chest compressions and 2 rescue breaths. If the paramedics have not arrived yet continue with this pattern of 30 chest compressions and 2 rescue breaths.


 Also read Factors to Consider When Selecting your First Aid Training Provider.


Points to note.

  1. Do not interrupt the resuscitation unless when checking if the casualty is breathing right.\
  2. Make sure you check the casualty mouth to remove any obstructions
  3. Ensure the airway is open every time you attempt to give a rescue breath
  4. Do not attempt more than two-rescuer breaths each time before returning to chest compressions
  5. Continue with the resuscitation until help arrives or the casualty restore breaths


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